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What are the major categories of petroleum equipment ?

2023-10-11 19:25 2664 views

Petroleum equipment is the foundation of the petroleum industry, with various types that are extensively applied in petroleum exploration, development, production, storage and transportation. The following is an introduction to drilling equipment, production equipment, transportation equipment and storage equipment.

Drilling equipment is indispensable to drilling operations. It mainly includes drilling rigs, drill bits, and drill pipes. Drilling rigs are the main equipment for drilling operations, used to drive drill bits to rotate and send drill pipes downhole. Drill bits are the core components of drilling operations, whose function is to break the ground and form wellbores. Drill pipes serve to connect drill rigs and drill bits, transporting drill bits downhole.

Production equipment is used to extract oil from underground to the surface. It mainly includes oil wells, pump rods, and pumping units. Oil wells are the main places for oil production, through which water or other chemicals are injected to increase formation pressure and make oil resources flow from underground to the surface. Pump rods and pumping units are used to extract oil from oil wells to the surface.

Transportation equipment is used to transport collected oil from oil wells to refineries or end users. It mainly includes pipelines, oil pumps, valves, and tanks. Pipelines serve as the main channels for oil transportation, transporting oil from oil wells or oil fields to refineries or end users. Oil pumps are used to increase the transportation pressure of oil, ensuring smooth transportation. Valves are used to control the flow and volume of oil, and tanks are used to store oil.

Storage equipment is mainly used to store petroleum and its derivatives. Storage equipment can be divided into underground tanks and above-ground tanks. Underground tanks are usually buried underground and used to store liquid materials such as crude oil and finished oils, while above-ground tanks are built on the ground and mainly used to store liquid materials such as finished oils, fuel oils, heavy oils, etc. The scale and quantity of storage equipment directly affect the storage capacity and operation efficiency of oil production enterprises.


In summary, petroleum equipment is the foundation of the petroleum industry, with various types extensively applied in petroleum exploration, development, production, transportation and storage. Different equipment has specific functions and purposes, providing solid support for the development of the petroleum industry. With continuous technological updates and development, petroleum equipment will also continuously upgrade and innovate technologies, providing more advanced technical support for the future petroleum industry development. <author : www.lakepetro.cn>

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